This extensive document underpins infrastructure development as a necessity for the integral growth of tourism Mexico. It notably seeks to align tourism development objectives with climate change adaptation measures and with disaster risk management policies.
The Strategy has medium and long-term planning components, 15 and 30 years, respectively, consistent with international best practices. Based on a series of analyzes, studies and diagnostics mandated by the Energy and Transition Law
, these planning components of the energy sector define clean energy goals and energy efficiency. Likewise, the Strategy establishes policies and actions on energy efficiency, applicable to five sectors, as well as for clean energies. To follow up on the goals, the Strategy has indicators to monitor the dynamics towards the energy transition in electricity generation and energy consumption in the country.
This decree adopts the Special Climate Change Program 2014-2018
The objective of the Special Climate Change Program 2014-2018 is to reduce the vulnerability of populations and productive sectors, preserve and protect ecosystems and environmental services and increase infrastructure resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change. The instruments included in the Special Climate Change Program 2014-2018 include the country's National Risk Atlas, the National Vulnerability Atlas, the National Emission Inventory, the National Emission Registry, the Official Mexican Standard, the Information System on Climate Change and other financial, market and economic instruments, such as the country's carbon tax, emissions trading system and climate change fund.
The strategy sets out the main focal areas regarding cross-sectorial climate policy, adaptation to climate change and reduction of GHG emissions, presented as 'eight axes of action'. These are:
1) Reduce vulnerability to climate change of Mexicans living at risk and strengthen their resilience;
2) Reduce the vulnerability of production systems and strategic infrastructure against weather contingencies;
3) Foster adaptability of ecosystems to the effects of global warming;
4) Accelerate energy transition towards clean energy sources;
5) Reduce power consumption intensity through efficiency and rationality schemes;
6) Transition to sustainable city models, with intelligent mobility systems, integrated waste management and buildings with a low carbon footprint;
7) Encourage better agricultural and forestry practices, with schemes for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+);
8) Reduce short lived pollutant emissions, such as black carbon and methane, to improve the health and welfare of Mexicans.
The Strategy also reinforces Mexico's mitigation goals to reduce emissions by 30% by the year 2020 with respect to the business-as-usual scenario, and by 50% by 2050, as compared with emissions in 2000.