Norway

Laws

  • Act No. 7 of 1994 on protection against natural damage
    Legislative
    1994
    Last change in December, 2019
    This act provides the terms and conditions for obtaining compensation or being compensated through insurance for loss or damage that occurs as a result of natural disasters. It contains provisions that require municipalities to undertake precautionary measures to protect against natural disasters, empowers municipalities to confiscate property, restrict development in risky areas, and claim expenses for any precautionary measures taken.
  • Natural Damage Insurance Act
    Legislative
    1989
    Last change in December, 2018
    This law establishes an insurance scheme for natural disasters in Norway. It requires that, if property is insured against fires it also be insured against all other natural hazards. It establishes a risk pool that includes both private insurance companies and the government.
  • Natural Hazards Compensation Act (No. 59 of 2014)
    Legislative
    2014
    Last change in December, 2017
    This law establishes and outlines the details of a compensation scheme for private property loss and damage due to natural disasters. It establishes a Natural Damage Claim Appeals Board to handle all claims and appeals. The law stipulates that claims may be filed for property lost or damaged by landslides, avalanches, storms, floods, storm surges, earthquakes or volcanic eruptions.
  • Climate Change Act
    Legislative
    2017
    This framework law is intended to promote the implementation of Norway's climate targets as part of the transition to a low carbon society in Norway in 2050. In that regard, it seeks to promote transparency and public debate about the status, direction and progress of this work. The law enshrines the country's 2030 and 2050 emissions reductions targets (carbon neutrality by 2050), and the annual and five-year reviewing processes deriving from the Paris Agreement. The law came into effect on January 1, 2018.
  • Pollution Control Act
    Legislative
    2017
    The Pollution Control Act targets pollution in a general way, prohibiting it in any way unless a specific permission has been issued. Pollutants taken into consideration include greenhouse gases. Under this law, industrial actors must therefore seek permits to emit greenhouse gases.
  • CO2 Tax Act no 21 on Petroleum Activities
    Legislative
    1990
    Last change in June, 2015
    This Act introduces a CO2 tax to be paid on the burning of petroleum and discharge of natural gas in connection with petroleum activities on the continental shelf. These emissions are further regulated by the Petroleum Act, the Sales Tax Act, the Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Act and the Pollution Control Act.
  • Value Added Tax (VAT) Act No. 58 of 2009
    Legislative
    2009
    Last change in December, 2014
    Under the previous VAT Act of 1969, zero VAT rating for the supply and import of electric vehicles was adopted by the Norwegian Parliament in 2001. In 2013, the Norwegian Parliament adopted amendments to the current VAT Act and the VAT Regulation concerning electric vehicles, which involve an extension of the zero rating to the leasing of electric vehicles and to the sale and import of batteries for electric vehicles.
  • Offshore Energy Act No. 21 of 2010
    Legislative
    2010
    Last change in December, 2014
    Offshore renewable energy production in Norway is governed by the Offshore Energy Act. Under this act, the construction of offshore wind power and other renewable energy production units/facilities at sea can only take place after the Norwegian Government has opened specific geographical zones for licence applications. The opening of zones requires that a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is carried out.
  • Act No. 28 of 1972 concerning nuclear energy activities
    Legislative
    1972
    Last change in December, 2011
    This law provides the legal framework for nuclear energy production in Norway. It gives the King power to grant licenses and create regulations for nuclear energy, establishes the Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Directorate to handle safety and security (including during construction, operations, and inspections), requires owners of nuclear plants to take all necessary measures to ensure that no damage occurs as the result of an accident, and establishes a compensation scheme for loss and damage caused by nuclear accidents.
  • Electricity Certificates Act, No. 39 of 2011
    Legislative
    2011
    The purpose of the Act is to contribute to increased generation of electrical energy from renewable energy sources. It establishes a system of green certificates in Norway which are issued by the Norwegian state to renewable energy producers. Green certificates may be traded and they are subject to a quota obligation.
  • Planning and Building Act No. 71 of 2008
    Legislative
    2008
    This act aims to promote sustainable development in the best interests of individuals, society and future generations. All plans made under the act are to take the climate into account in energy supply and transport solutions.
  • Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Act, No. 99 of 2004
    Legislative
    2004
    The Act aims to limit emissions of GHGs in a cost-effective manner by means of a system involving the duty to surrender GHG emission allowances and freely transferable emission allowances.
     
     It establishes government authority over the number of allowances to be allocated and which of these allowances will be issued free of charge. It regulates reporting and control related to emissions and allowances and sets out penal measures for those operators not complying with reporting obligations.
     
     It authorises the Norwegian Emissions Trading Registry to contain information on the allocation, issue, holding, transfer, surrender and cancellation of allowances. The pollution control authorities will control and verify the reports on GHG emissions submitted by each operator.
  • The Energy Act, No. 50 of 1990
    Legislative
    1990
    The Act covers the generation, conversion, transmission, trading, distribution and use of energy in Norway. It regulates exports and imports, the licensing, metering and settlements of power trading, energy pricing, and responsibilities for energy system operations, rationing and supply quality. It also includes provisions for energy efficiency.
     
     It establishes the role of the Power Supply Preparedness Organisation in controlling power supplies in states of emergency, as well as taking on some responsibilities during peacetime.
     It confirms the authority of the government to make decisions regarding the protection of power supply installations against damage, as well as to set out contingency measures and orders to this end.
  • Product Control Act No. 79 of 1976
    Legislative
    1976
    The purpose of the act is to prevent products from causing environmental disturbance, for example in the form of disturbance of ecosystems, pollution, waste, noise and the like, and to prevent environmental disturbance by promoting effective energy use in products and to prevent products or consumer services from causing damage to health; this includes ensuring that consumer products and services are safe,