This strategy aims at enabling Norway' private sector to be competitive and environmentally friendly, and enable the country to enjoy full employment, high income and low greenhouse gases emissions. The strategy focuses on green markets (including emissions trading and taxation), green and innovative procurement, research, energy infrastructure, climate risk, circular economy and exports of green solutions.
This document presents the government's strategy to meet its climate commitments for 2030. It discusses sectoral performances and examines ways to further reduce emissions.
This document sets the government's National Transport Plan for the period 2018-2029. It notably deals with the sectoral emissions reductions targets, discussing higher rates of biofuels, technology improvements, transport-related infrastructure and urbanism, public transport and other active modes.
The White Paper states that everyone is responsible for climate change adaptation - individuals, business and industry and the authorities. It provides an account of what Norwegian authorities are doing to enable everyone to assume responsibility for climate change adaptation as effectively as possible, and establish a common framework for climate change adaptation across sectors and administrative levels.
The White Paper states that projections on future climate and knowledge are essential for effective climate change adaptation. Adaptation work must always be based on the best available knowledge about climate change and how changes can be addressed. The government intends to ensure that the knowledge base for climate change adaptation is strengthened through closer monitoring of climate change, continued expansion of climate change research and the development of a national centre for climate services.
According to the White Paper, adaptation policies and measures should build on the best available knowledge. Thus, the government plans for regular assessments of vulnerability and adaptation needs in Norway. Such assessments will be made if substantial new knowledge is available, related e.g. to the release of the assessment reports of the IPCC.
The Climate Settlement is officially known as 'Recommendation of the Energy and Environment Committee: Climate Settlement, Innst. 390 S (2011-2012), based on the White Paper on Climate Efforts, Meld. St. 21 (2011-2012)'. This document reinforces the targets set out in the 2008 agreement on climate policy on transportation; construction; agriculture and carbon uptake by forests; and mainland industry and petroleum activities.Some of the core measures the document recommends to be adopted within these areas include:
â€¢ Create a climate and energy fund for development of technology and industrial transformation;
â€¢ Increase the offshore supply of electric power from the mainland, while safeguarding biological diversity;
â€¢ Increase state subsidies for investment in, and operation of, municipal public transportation and other environmentally-friendly forms of transportation;
â€¢ Adopt climate measures in agriculture and carbon removals in forests through active forest management;
â€¢ Maintain or increase the forest carbon stock through active, sustainable forest policies;
â€¢ Improve incentives for the use of bio-energy derived from wood (with emphasis on forest residues);
â€¢ Increase the mandatory sale of bio-fuels to 5%;
â€¢ Tighten the energy requirements in the building code to passive house level in 2015 and nearly zero energy level in 2020.
The settlement includes three main targets:
â€¢ In relation to the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, Norway plans to exceed its commitment by 10%
â€¢ Norway plans to become carbon neutral by 2050. However, if an ambitious global climate agreement is entered into through which other industrialised countries commit to undertake large reductions in GHG emissions, Norway will bring forward this target to 2030
â€¢ By 2020 Norway plans to commit to reducing its GHG emissions to an equivalent of 30% of the 1990 emissions level (and up to 40% contingent on global action)
While emissions reductions can be carried out in Norway or abroad, the paper states that Norway will have a domestic reduction goal of two-thirds of GHG emissions.