The Food and Nutrition Security Policy aims at promoting rational food choices and healthy lifestyles by the population. It further seeks to enhance the resilience of food supplies in front of natural and socio-economic shocks, and climate change.
The Policy states that the government shall facilitate the implementation of Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation strategies, including in the food sector. It charges the government to 1) establish a National Task Force for the implementation and supervision of such strategies, 2) to enable capacity building of stakeholders with respect to disaster management, 3) to develop an agricultural risk management scheme, 4) and to facilitate the re-zoning of agricultural production as necessary to reduce vulnerability to adverse effects of climate change.
The Ministry of Sustainable Development released the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan in 2014 to establish a framework of targets, principles and priorities over biodiversity. The Kittitian government recognises that climate change might indulge sever impacts to the country including via a sea level rise leading to coastal erosion, increase in drought, tropical storms, floods, changes in rainfall, and ultimately biodiversity alterations.
In order to enable national ecosystems and populations to strive, the government pledges to take green economy interventions, notably towards greater energy efficiency, sustainable land use in the agriculture and forestry sector, and increased awareness. The Strategy further calls to enhance the institutional framework to enable overall climate change adaptation.
The Agricultural Development Strategy was published in February 2013 by the Department of Agriculture to provide a framework to improve the production and marketing of national agricultural products over the period 2013 to 2016. The document acknowledges the criticality of climate change and resource scarcity and the subsequent need to adopt a sustainable agriculture agenda.
The Strategy first states the national agriculture situation, then develops a vision and development goals, establishes the Planning for Implementation Network, and details the Institutional Development Plan. Development goals include: 1) to provide safe, affordable food and nutrition security, 2) to create sustainable resilient farming systems in oder to support effective land, water and biodiversity management, and 3) to create resilient farming systems capable of adapting to hazards of a changing climate. The Core Program on Agricultural Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation shall be activated to reach this latter goal.
The National Energy Policy was published by the Ministry of Public Works, Utilities, Energy and Housing to lay out a comprehensive transition towards a sustainable energy sector. The Policy emphasises affordable, clean renewables as a key target, but also a greener, energy savvy transportation sector.
The government seeks to green the country's power supply through 1) increased diversification, with greater reliance on indigenous energy sources, 2) the promotion of smarter, efficient approaches, 3) decentralised generation and interconnection systems between the country's two main islands, and 4) increased research and development of renewable energy resources and conservation measures. Energy efficiency and conservation are also promoted to minimise energy intensity. Public-private partnerships, transparent, inclusive and informed policy making in an adequately framed energy sector are key elements highlighted by the policy to achieve the country's sustainable energy targets. Such an institutional framework encompasses the collection, monitoring and reporting of carbon emissions stemming from the electricity sector. New building codes and mandatory installation of solar thermal collectors for major water users shall also be implemented.