The overall objective of the National Contingency Plan is to help ensure that Government, partners and civil society establish a timely, consistent and coordinated response to anticipated hazards during the 2012-2013 planning period in order to minimise potential humanitarian consequences and initiate linkages for the early recovery of affected communities. It identifies four hazards: hydro-meteorological, biological, GTIs and technological. The Contingency Plan is in line with provisions of the draft National Disaster Risk Strategy which is still awaiting finalisation.
The first section provides details on risks, scenarios, planning assumptions and consequences for each of the identified hazards. The second section summarises the coordination and management systems providing details of roles and responsibilities during assessment and coordination. The third section lays out the activities to be undertaken by different stakeholders.
The National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) provides a framework for a comprehensive and strategic approach to climate change adaptation, mitigation, technology and finance. The objective of the Strategy is to 'mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in economic and social development at national and sectoral levels through multi-stakeholder engagement'.
The Strategy mainly aims to help the country and its citizens to adapt to severe droughts, increasing temperatures, irregular rainfall patterns and food shortages, attributed in part to climate change effects.
The risks and impacts of climate change are analysed in the NCCRS, followed by sectoral strategies (agriculture, energy, water, etc.), with varying implementation timeframes. The seven pillars of climate change responses are:
- adaptation and disaster risk management
- mitigation and low carbon development strategies
- governance framework
- finance and investment
- technology development and transfer, including infrastructure
- communication and advocacy
The Plan also recommends establishing a National Climate Fund to tackle the impacts of climate change, with need for financing evaluated at more than USD 9.9 billion over the next 5 to 10 years
The Climate Smart Agriculture Policy aims at ensuring that farmers and agricultural advisers adopt practices consistent with a changing climate. The Policy is based on the Climate-Smart Agricultural Manual for Agriculture Education in Zimbabwe that was released in 2017, and that discusses the necessary changes to the institutional framework and specific, sectoral agricultural practices.
The National Climate Policy aims to enable Zimmbabwe to establish the legal structures toregulate businesses in climate-related matters, and enable them to reduce their greenhouse gasesemissions.
The Policy further focuses on adaptation with regard to rural communities and agriculture.
The Medium Term plan (MTP) is a strategic development plan encompassing social and economic policy, published by the Ministry of Economic Planning and Investment Promotion (MEPP). This document sets out the national priorities and investment programmes for five years between 2011 and 2015. It reflects the integration of climate change issues into the country's development policy.
The document provides that tackling climate change is one of the policy priorities for the country's development. It recognises climate change challenges to social and economic development and states that 'the Medium Term Plan places climate change concerns at the centre of development strategies, plans and programmes in all sectors of the economy, particularly agriculture, energy, water, forestry, mining and tourism.' The main policy objective is to promote climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in social and economic development at national and sectoral level. To achieve this, the MTP promises the development of a national climate change strategy and a national climate change policy by the end of 2013; development of a national action plan for adaptation and mitigation by the end of 2012; and to increase the integration of climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in economic and development activities and policies at national and sectoral level by the end of 2012. Additional policy measures include the promotion of the use of evidence-based approaches to policy planning and programming related to climate change and development; the promotion of broad-based participation in the formulation and implementation of a national climate change strategy and policy; and raising awareness of national climate change strategy and policy.
The document identifies following challenges and constraints to achieve low carbon growth: existence of an uncoordinated policy and institutional framework governing climate change issues; existence of multiple and diverse organizations working on climate change; fragmented policy responses to the country's development challenges without much coordination between the Government and other stakeholders, and across sectors; and lack of sufficient funds and technical capacity to undertake policy relevant research and conduct any long term planning, undermine the development of a national climate change strategy and policy.