International

Litigation cases

  • Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR) v. Greece

    Opened in 2005 Last development in June, 2007

    The Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR) alleged that the Greek government was not in compliance with Greek, European, and international law owing to the nature of its oversight (and partial ownership of) several lignite coal mines and coal-fired power plants. Among the legal authorit...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Croatia under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2009 Last development in November, 2009

    The question of implementation arose in relation to Croatia’s assigned amount and its commitment period reserve, and whether a decision taken under the Convention allowed Croatia to issue more credits under the Kyoto Protocol.The expert review team considered the addition of 3.5Mt carbon dioxide ...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Canada under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2008 Last development in June, 2008

    The question of implementation arises in relation to guidelines for the preparation of the information required under Article 7 of the Kyoto Protocol, the modalities for accounting of assigned amounts under Article 7, para 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, and the requirements of the technical standards f...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Kazakhstan under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2019 Last development in June, 2019

    The Compliance Committee received questions of implementation indicated in the report of the expert review team (ERT) on the review of the report to facilitate the calculation of the assigned amount for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol of Kazakhstan. The enforcement branch of th...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Monaco under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2018 Last development in August, 2018

    The question of implementation arose with respect to Monaco’s annual submission made in 2017. The expert review team (ERT) noted that there were significant delays in the submission of annual inventory reports (NIRs) meaning Monaco had not met mandatory requirements and furthermore considered tha...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Bulgaria under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2010 Last development in June, 2010

    The case arose with respect to Bulgaria’s 2009 annual submission that was not compliant with the UNFCCC reporting guidelines, the IPCC good practice guidance and the IPCC good practice guidance for LULUCF. The institutional arrangements and technical competence appeared to be insufficient. Conseq...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Romania under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2011 Last development in August, 2011

    The question of implementation arose with respect to Romania’s 2010 annual inventory submission. Consequently, it was found that the Romanian national system did not operate fully in accordance with the general and specific functions as set out in the guidelines for national systems. In particula...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Ukraine under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2011 Last development in January, 2011

    The question of implementation arose with respect to Ukraine’s 2010 annual inventory submission. Consequently, it was found that the Ukrainian national system did not operate fully in accordance with the general and specific functions as set out in the guidelines for national systems. In particul...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Ukraine under the Kyoto Protocol II

    Opened in 2016 Last development in September, 2016

    The case arose with regard to Ukraine’s true-up period report after the first commitment period under the Protocol. The first question of implementation was triggered by the late submission of this report, and the inconsistencies between information in the report and the transaction log maintaine...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Lithuania under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2011 Last development in December, 2011

    The question of implementation arose with respect to Lithuania’s 2010 annual inventory submission. Consequently, it was found that the Lithuanian national system did not operate fully in accordance with the general and specific functions as set out in the guidelines for national systems. In parti...
  • Non-compliance Procedure of Slovakia under the Kyoto Protocol

    Opened in 2012 Last development in August, 2012

    The question of implementation arose with respect to Slovakia’s 2011 annual inventory submission, regarding Slovakia’s national system and its calculation of estimates of greenhouse gas emissions. The preliminary finding indicated that a partial operational impairment resulted in non-compliance w...
  • Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

    Opened in 2010 Last development in February, 2018

    On November 18, 2010, Costa Rica filed an action against Nicaragua in the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging an "incursion into, occupation of and use by Nicaragua's army of Costa Rican territory as well as [alleged] breaches of Nicaragua's obligations towards Costa Rica" under a numb...
  • Sacchi et al. v. Argentina et al.

    Opened in 2019 Last development in May, 2020

    Sixteen children filed a petition alleging that Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany and Turkey violated their rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (“the Convention”) by making insufficient cuts to greenhouse gases and failing to encourage the world’s biggest emitte...
  • Petition of Torres Strait Islanders to the United Nations Human Rights Committee Alleging Violations Stemming from Australia's Inaction on Climate Change

    Opened in 2019

    A group of eight Torres Strait Islanders submitted a petition against the Australian government to the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The petition alleges that Australia is violating the plaintiffs' fundamental human rights under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (I...
  • Rights of Indigenous People in Addressing Climate-Forced Displacement

    Opened in 2020

    Five U.S. Indian tribes submitted a complaint to the United Nations alleging that the U.S. government has violated their human rights in failing to address climate displacement. The complaint calls on several Special Rapporteurs to intervene and investigate, and to recommend that the U.S. governm...
  • UN Human Rights Committee Views Adopted on Teitiota Communication

    Opened in 2015 Last development in January, 2020

    A citizen of Kiribati filed a communication with the UN Human Rights Committee claiming that New Zealand had violated his right to life by denying him asylum despite his assertions that climate change made Kiribati uninhabitable. The Committee concluded that the communication was admissible, but ...
  • Specific instance under the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises submitted to the Slovenian and UK National Contact Point for the OECD Guidelines

    Opened in 2019

    A coalition of social and environmental groups filed a complaint alleging that a British company violated the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in applying for a permit to expand a fracking operation in Slovenia. The complaint wa...
  • Petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Seeking Relief from Violations of the Rights of Arctic Athabaskan Peoples Resulting from Rapid Arctic Warming and Melting Caused by Emissions of Black Carbon by Canada

    Opened in 2013

    A petition filed by Earthjustice on behalf of the Arctic Athabaskan Council alleges that Canada's fragmentary and lax regulations of black carbon emissions threaten the Athabaskan people's human rights. The petition describes that the arctic is witnessing disproportionately large rates of warming...
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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