Duarte Agostinho and Others v. Portugal and 32 Other States

Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights

Side A: Youth for Climate Justice (Individual ngo)

Side B: Austria and 32 other countries (Government)

Core objectives:

Youth filed human rights complaint against 33 governments.

On September 2, 2020, six Portuguese youth filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights against 33 countries. The complaint alleges that the respondents have violated human rights by failing to take sufficient action on climate change, and seeks an order requiring them to take more ambitious action. 

The complaint relies on Articles 2, 8 and 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which protect the right to life, right to privacy, and right to not experience discrimination. The complainants claim that their right to life is threatened by the effects of climate change in Portugal such as forest fires; that their right to privacy includes their physical and mental wellbeing, which is threatened by heatwaves that force them to spend more time indoors; and that as young people, they stand to experience the worst effects of climate change. 

The case is brought against the Member States of the EU (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden) as well as Norway, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and the United Kingdom. The complainants allege that the respondents have fallen short of their human rights obligations by failing to agree to emissions reductions that will keep temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius, as envisioned by the Paris Agreement.

On November 30, 2020, The European Court of Human Rights accepted and fast-tracked the case and communicated the case to 33 defendant countries, requiring them to respond by the end of February 2021. According to the Global Legal Action Network, who are supporting the case, only a tiny minority of cases before the Court are fast-tracked and communicated.

In February 2021, the Court rejected a motion by the defendant governments to overturn its prior decision. According to GLAN, the governments had asked the court to overturn its fast-tracking of the case and to hear their arguments that the case is inadmissible. The Court rejected both of the defendants' arguments and gave them until May 27, 2021 to submit a defense. 
Case documents

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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