China

Overview and context

Laws
4
Policies
5
Litigation cases
0
Climate targets
57

Region
East Asia & Pacific
% Global Emissions
24.36 %
Global Climate Risk Index
55.5
Income group (World Bank)
Upper middle income
Main political groups
G77; G20
Federative/Unitary
Federative 22 provinces, 5 autonomus regions
Region
East Asia & Pacific
Income group (World Bank)
Upper middle income
% Global Emissions
24.36 %
Main political groups
G77; G20
Global Climate Risk Index
55.5
Federative/Unitary
Federative 22 provinces, 5 autonomus regions

Visualise data on the map
The Climate Change Laws of the World map helps understand our database information in context by showing climate laws, policies, and litigation cases in relation to key climate-related indicators.
Nationally Determined Contribution (UNFCCC website)
Legislative process
China’s legal system is largely a civil law system. The national legislative power is exercised by the National People’s Congress (NPC) and the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. The NPC is responsible for criminal law, civil law, state organ law and other basic laws. While the NPC is not in session, the Standing Committee of the NPC is responsible for supplementing and amending parts of the

China’s legal system is largely a civil law system. The national legislative power is exercised by the National People’s Congress (NPC) and the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. The NPC is responsible for criminal law, civil law, state organ law and other basic laws. While the NPC is not in session, the Standing Committee of the NPC is responsible for supplementing and amending parts of the laws promulgated by the NPC, provided they do not contradict with the basic principles of these laws. There is no division of legislative power between the central government and the provincial governments in China. The most important policy documents in China are the Five Year Plans that set the overall direction of China’s economy and often include top-level targets. These plans are complemented by laws, passed by the NPC, and policies developed by government ministries.

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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