China

Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020)

Executive
Plan; Strategy
Passed in 2014
Published by the State Council, the Plan aims to reduce China's high energy consumption per unit GDP ratio through a set of measures and mandatory targets, promoting a more efficient, self-sufficient, green and innovative energy production and consumption.

The targets include a cap on annual primary energy consumption set at 4.8bn tonnes of the standard coal equivalent until 2020, with a need to limit the annual growth rate of primary energy consumption to 3.5% for the next six years. The annual coal consumption should be held below 4.2bn tonnes until 2020 (16.3% more than the 3.6bn tonnes burned in 2013, according to the National Coal Association), with the main coal consumption reduction to be achieved in regions around Beijing, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta - the three biggest city clusters in China. The share of non-fossil fuels in the total primary energy mix is to rise to from 9.8% in 2013 to 15% by 2020, with an indicative 20% share by 2030. The share of natural gas is to rise to above 10%, while that of coal will be reduced below 62%. In addition, installed nuclear power capacity is to reach 58GW by 2020, with additional 30GW expected to be under construction in 2020. Installed capacity of hydro-, wind and solar power in 2020 is expected to reach 350GW, 200GW and 100GW, respectively. Energy self-sufficiency should reach around 85%.

Documents
  • By 2020, the total primary energy consumption will be controlled at about 4.8 billion tons of standard coal, and the total coal consumption will be controlled at about 4.2 billion tons by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • By 2020, natural gas will account for more than 10% by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • By 2020, it will cumulatively increase the verified geological reserves of conventional gas by 5.5 trillion cubic meters, and produce 178 billion cubic meters of conventional natural gas per year by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • By 2020, the proportion of coal consumption will be controlled within 62% by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • By 2020, shale gas production will strive to exceed 30 billion cubic meters by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • For group access standards, coal consumption for newly-built coal-fired power generation units is lower than 300 grams per kilowatt-hour of standard coal, and pollutant emissions are close to those of gas-fired gas turbines by 2014
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2014 | Base year: 2014
  • Non-fossil energy will account for 15% of primary energy consumption by 2020
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Geothermal energy to reach 50 million tons of standard coal by 2020
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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