The National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation
The strategy lays out clear guidelines and principles for climate change adaptation and proposes some specific adaptation goals. It outlines a wide range of measures to be implemented by 2020 in order to protect water resources, minimise soil erosion and strengthen disaster prevention, such as early-warning detection and information-sharing mechanisms at the national and provincial levels, ocean disaster monitoring system and coastal restoration. To reduce climate impacts in agriculture the Chinese government plans to develop new farming practices, including controlling plant-eating pests and improving crop adaptability.
The plan also includes weather-based financial instruments such as catastrophe bonds and weather index-based insurance.
China's Ministry of Ecology and Environment deliberated and passed the National Strategy on Climate Adaptation 2035 in February 2022. A separate implementation plan is expected to complement the strategy. All sectors and localities are encouraged to formulate their own adaptation plans.
Effective protection rate of natural wetlands will reach more than 60%, and the area of desertified land will be over 50% of the controllable area. More than 95% of the state's key protected wild animals and over 90% of the minimum wild plant species will be effectively protected against desertification by 2020.
By 2020, the rate of --three-step- grasslands will reach 55.6% by 2020
By 2020, the forest coverage rate will reach 23% and the forest reserves will exceed 15 billion cubic meters by 2020
By 2020, the penetration rate of practical adaptive technical training for rural labor will reach 70% by 2020 against a 2013 baseline. This will be achieved by improving the training of farmers to adapt to technology.