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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2021

To benefit from the support of the Recovery and Resilience Facility set up by the EU in the aftermath of the COVID-19-induced economic crisis, Member States submit their recovery and resilience plans to the European Commission. Each plan sets out the reforms and investments to be implemented by end-2026 and Member States can receive financing up to a previously agreed allo...

, 2020

This document consists of a 5.5 billion euro stimulus package to combat the adverse economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. It entered into force on 1 July 2020. The stimulus notably seek to create green jobs and foster a low-carbon future. It includes measures to support for public transport services, walking and cycling, ecosystems preservation and restoration.&n...

, 2019

The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets.  The Energy and Climate Plan addresses all five dimensions of the EU Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy mark...

, 2019

Article 5 of this document states that the use of coal as a fuel for the production of electricity or heat will be prohibited from 1 May 2029.

, 2017

The purpose of this Act is to ensure that alternative fuels for public charging and refueling points are in conformity with common technical specifications and that users are provided with sufficient information on alternative fuels and their distribution. The Act notably focuses on charging points for electric vehicles and alternative fuels that aim at reducing the use of...

Legislative Process

Finland is a parliamentary democracy where executive power is exercised by the president and the council of state (the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister) which must enjoy the confidence of the Parliament. The President of the Republic is elected for a six-year term. The Prime Minister is elected by the members of the parliament and appointed by the President. Independent courts, the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court exercise judicial powers.

The Parliament is unicameral and consists of two hundred Members of Parliament (MPs). MPs are elected in direct, proportional and secret ballot for a term of four years. The last general election was held in April 2015. The next is expected to take place in 2019. Parliament enacts all legislation, approves the state budget, ratifies international treaties and oversees the Government. Legislation is enacted according to the Constitution and the procedure of the Parliament.

Government bills or Members’ initiatives begin with a preliminary debate in the plenary session, after which the bill is submitted to a committee. Following the committee process, a bill returns to the plenary session where it is dealt with in two readings. In the first reading the content of the bill is decided section by section. In the second reading the bill is either approved or rejected. Once the President ratifies it, an Act is published in the Statutes of Finland.