Climate Change Laws of the World will soon be upgraded to be AI powered, see full announcement
Germany flag
Germany

Federal Climate Protection Act and to change further regulations ("Bundesklimaschutzgesetz” or “KSG")

legislation type Legislative
Law
Act
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2019
The purpose of this law is to ensure that national climate protection targets are met and European targets are met. It is also intended to support Germany's commitment at the UN climate summit in New York on September 23, 2019 to pursue greenhouse gas neutrality as a long-term goal by 2050. It was adopted after the federal Government submitted its climate program to 2030.

The law notably introduces a national carbon tax, set at 25 euros per tonne of CO2 from 2021.

On June 24th, 2021, the Bundestag passed an amendment to set the carbon neutrality goal to 2045, instead of 2050.

Documents

  • CO2 equivalent emissions of the energy industry at 175Mt by 2030
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emission from industry at 140 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from buildings at 70 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from transportation at 95 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from agriculture at 68 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Agriculture | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from waste to 5 Mt of Co2-eq by 2030
    Waste | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • net zero - climate neutrality 2050
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2045 | Base year: 2019
  • reduce GHG emissions by 65% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, by 88% by 2040
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2040 | Base year: 1990
  • net zero by 2045
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • The average of the annual emission balances of the respective target year and the three previous calendar years of the sector land use, land use change and forestry should be improved as follows: 1. to at least minus 25 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030, 2. to at least minus 35 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2040, 3. to at least minus 40 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2045.
    LULUCF | Target year: 2045
  • climate neutral federal administration by 2030
    Public Sector | Target year: 2030

Related litigation cases

  • Neubauer, et al. v. Germany

    Opened in 2020 Filing

    In February 2020, a group of German youth filed a legal challenge to Germany's Federal Climate Protection Act (“Bundesklimaschutzgesetz” or “KSG”), arguing that the KSG's target of reducing GHGs 55% by 2030 from 1990 levels was insufficient. The complainants alleged that the KSG therefore violate...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 20, 2021, the German environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) filed an action against BMW for refusing to tighten their carbon emissions target and give up fossil fuel-emitting cars by 2030. DUH argues that the automaker is violating the fundamental right to climate prot...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Mercedes-Benz AG

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 20, 2021, environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany) filed an action against Mercedes-Benz in the Regional Court of Stuttgart for not yet having clearly and irreversibly committed to phase out the sale of passenger cars with internal combustio...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW)

    Opened in 2020 Filing

    On December 3, 2020, environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany) brought a claim against the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW), asking the Higher Administrative Court of NRW to order the NRW government to update its climate protection plan. The NRW Climate...

  • Jannis Krüßmann et al. v. Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On July 15, 2021, Jannis Krüßmann, Lea Wynhoff, Tobias Linck, and Mia Hense brought a constitutional claim against the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW) for the inadequacy of the adopted climate law. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the Basic Law to call on the state legislature to...

  • Alena Hochstadt, et al. v. State of Hesse

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Alena Hochstadt, Dennis Georg, and Lilly Claudi brought a claim against the state of Hesse, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the German Con...

  • Otis Hoffman, et al. v. State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 9, 2021, Otis Hoffman, Camille Marie Damm, Hannes Damm, and two children brought a claim against the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the...

  • Leonie Frank, et. al v. State of Saarland

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Leonie Joana Frank and Matthias Lattwein brought a claim against the state of Saarland, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the German Constit...

  • Tristan Runge, et al. v. State of Sachsen

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Tristan Raphael Carsten Runge, Robert Dietz, and Alexander Klein brought a claim against the state of Sachsen, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement...

  • Luca Salis, et al. v. State of Sachsen-Anhalt

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 9, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Henrike Cremer, Jan Luca Samuel Salis, and Friedrich Hirschmann, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany), brought a constitutional claim against the state of  Sachsen-Anhalt, for its failure to ado...

  • Emma Johanna Kiehm, et al. v. State of Brandenburg

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 30, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Emma Johanna Kiehm, Lina Freyert, Ameline Pelikan and landowners Prof. Paul Brodowsky, Ruth Feindel-Brodowsky and Wolfgang Georgsdorf, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany), brought a constitutional ...

  • Marlene Lemme, et al. v. State of Bayern (constitutional claim)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 30, 2021, youth plaintiffs Marlene Lemme, David Schiepek, Lukas Schulz, Stefan Emmerichs, Julius Papst, Kaspar Seßner, Friedl Seßner, Andreas Mäckler, Clara Göppel-Ramsurn, and Lucie Göppel-Ramsurn, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Ge...

  • Marlene Lemme, et al. v. State of Bayern (subsidiary claim)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 30, 2021, youth plaintiffs Marlene Lemme, David Schiepek, Lukas Schulz, Stefan Emmerichs, Julius Papst, Kaspar Seßner, Friedl Seßner, Andreas Mäckler, Clara Göppel-Ramsurn and Lucie Göppel-Ramsurn brought a claim against the state of Bavaria for the inadequacy of its adopted climate law (...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Bayern

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 24, 2021, environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany) brought a claim against the state of Bavaria for failing to set up a climate protection program. In its submission, DUH asks the Higher Administrative Court to order the Bavarian government to ad...

  • Barbara Metz et al., v. Wintershall Dea AG

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On October 4, 2021, the plaintiffs Barbara Metz, Sascha Müller-Kraenner, and Jürgen Resch supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany), filed an action against Wintershall Dea AG, a German gas and oil company. Plaintiffs asked the Regional Court...

  • Cosima Rade, et al. v. Baden-Württemberg (BaWü)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On December 6, 2021, the youth and young adult plaintiffs Cosima Rade, Hauke Engels, Jonathan Heckert, Judith Scheytt and An Janna Mahendrarajah, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany), brought a constitutional claim against the state of B...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Baden-Württemberg (BaWü)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On November 8, 2021, environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany) brought a claim against the state of Baden-Württemberg (BaWü) asking the Higher Administrative Court of BaWü to order the BaWü government to adopt an integrated energy and climate protection p...

  • Matteo Feind, et al. v. Niedersachsen

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On December 6, 2021, the youth and young adult plaintiffs Matteo Feind, Jennifer Zauter, Emily Karius, Steven Haseloh and Linus Steinmetz, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany), brought a constitutional claim against the state of Lower Sa...

  • Steinmetz, et al. v. Germany

    Opened in 2022 Filing

    On January 24, 2022, a group of German minors and young adults, supported by environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH, Environmental Action Germany) filed a constitutional challenge to Germany's updated Federal Climate Protection Act (“Bundesklimaschutzgesetz” or “KSG”). Claimants arg...

  • Kaiser, et al. v. Volkswagen AG

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On November 8, 2021, three claimants associated with Greenpeace Germany and Fridays for Future Germany filed an action against Volkswagen AG (VW) in the Regional Court of Braunschweig for not yet having clearly and irreversibly committed to phase out the sale of passenger cars and light commercia...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Germany

    Opened in 2022 Filing

    On September 5, 2022, environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH; Environmental Action Germany) filed a lawsuit against the German government in the Higher Administrative Court of Berlin-Brandenburg.The case challenges the “Sofortprogramm” (immediate action program) presented by the Fed...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
Publication banner
Climate Change Laws of the World uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies >>