Germany

Federal Climate Protection Act and to change further regulations ("Bundesklimaschutzgesetz” or “KSG")

Legislative
Law
Act
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2019
The purpose of this law is to ensure that national climate protection targets are met and European targets are met. It is also intended to support Germany's commitment at the UN climate summit in New York on September 23, 2019 to pursue greenhouse gas neutrality as a long-term goal by 2050. It was adopted after the federal Government submitted its climate program to 2030.

The law notably introduces a national carbon tax, set at 25 euros per tonne of CO2 from 2021.

On June 24th, 2021, the Bundestag passed an amendment to set the carbon neutrality goal to 2045, instead of 2050.

Documents
  • CO2 equivalent emissions of the energy industry at 175Mt by 2030
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emission from industry at 140 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from buildings at 70 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from transportation at 95 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from agriculture at 68 Mt of CO2-eq by 2030
    Agriculture | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Emissions from waste to 5 Mt of Co2-eq by 2030
    Waste | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • net zero - climate neutrality 2050
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2045 | Base year: 2019
Related litigation cases
  • Neubauer, et al. v. Germany

    Opened in 2020 Filing

    In February 2020, a group of German youth filed a legal challenge to Germany's Federal Climate Protection Act (“Bundesklimaschutzgesetz” or “KSG”), arguing that the KSG's target of reducing GHGs 55% by 2030 from 1990 levels was insufficient. The complainants alleged that the KSG therefore violate...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. BMW

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 20, 2021, the German environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) filed an action against BMW for refusing to tighten their carbon emissions target and give up fossil fuel-emitting cars by 2030. DUH argues that the automaker is violating the fundamental right to climate prot...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Mercedes-Benz AG

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 20, 2021, the German environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) filed an action against Mercedes-Benz for refusing to tighten their carbon emissions target and give up fossil fuel-emitting cars by 2030. DUH argues that the automaker is violating the fundamental right to cl...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW)

    Opened in 2020 Filing

    On December 3, 2020, Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) brought a claim against the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW) and asks the court to order the NRW government to update the climate protection plan. The NRW Climate Protection Act requires a climate protection plan to be adopted by 2013 and updated ...

  • Jannis Krüßmann et al. v. Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On July 15, 2021, Jannis Krüßmann, Lea Wynhoff, Tobias Linck, and Mia Hense brought a constitutional claim against the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (NRW) for the inadequacy of the adopted climate law. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the Basic Law to call on the state legislature to...

  • Alena Hochstadt, et al. v. State of Hesse

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Alena Hochstadt, Dennis Georg, and Lilly Claudi brought a claim against the state of Hesse, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the German Con...

  • Otis Hoffman, et al. v. State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 9, 2021, Otis Hoffman, Camille Marie Damm, Hannes Damm, and two children brought a claim against the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the...

  • Leonie Frank, et. al v. State of Saarland

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Leonie Joana Frank and Matthias Lattwein brought a claim against the state of Saarland, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement and the German Constit...

  • Tristan Runge, et al. v. State of Sachsen

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 09, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Tristan Raphael Carsten Runge, Robert Dietz, and Alexander Klein brought a claim against the state of Sachsen, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agreement...

  • Luca Salis, et al. v. State of Sachsen-Anhalt

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 13, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Henrike Cremer, Jan Luca Samuel Salis, and Friedrich Hirschmann brought a claim against the state of Sachsen-Anhalt, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ constitutional rights. The plaintiffs rely on the Paris Agr...

  • Emma Johanna Kiehm, et al. v. State of Brandenburg

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On September 13, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Emma Johanna Kiehm, Lina Freyert, Ameline Pelikan, Prof. Paul Brodowsky, Ruth Feinel-Brodowsky, and Wolfgang Georgsdorf brought a claim against the state of Brandenburg, arguing that the state’s failure to adopt a climate law violated plaintiffs’ consti...

  • Marlene Lemme, et al. v. State of Bayern (constitutional claim)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 30, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Marlene Lemme, David Schiepek, Lukas Schulz, Stefan Emmerichs, Julius Papst, Kaspar Seßner, Friedl Seßner, Andreas Mäckler, Clara Göppel -Ramsurn, and Lucie Göppel-Ramsurn brought a constitutional claim against the state of Bayern, arguing that the state’s a...

  • Marlene Lemme, et al. v. State of Bayern (subsidiary claim)

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 30, 2021, the youth plaintiffs Marlene Lemme, David Schiepek, Lukas Schulz, Stefan Emmerichs, Julius Papst, Kaspar Seßner, Friedl Seßner, Andreas Mäckler, Clara Göppel -Ramsurn, and Lucie Göppel-Ramsurn brought a claim against the state of Bayern for the inadequacy of the adopted climate ...

  • Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) v. Bayern

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On June 24, 2021, Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) brought a claim against the state of Bayern for the failure to inadequacy of the adopted climate law. DUH asks the court to order the state government to adopt a climate program for the state of Bayern, (i) reducing the CO2 equivalent in Bayern by at l...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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