Overview and context
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Nationally Determined Contribution (UNFCCC website)
Guyana’s 1980 constitution provides for an executive presidency and a unicameral legislature. The legislative National Assembly has 65 members directly elected under proportional representation. There are 40 members at national level and 25 members at regional level. A potential constitutional crisis was triggered in late 2014 by the proroguing of Parliament for a period of up to six months by the President in the face of a potential no-confidence motion from the combined opposition. The most recent general election was held in May 2015. The next one is expected in 2020.
The leader of the majority party in the Assembly becomes the Prime Minister. The President appoints the Cabinet called the Council of Ministers, which is responsible to parliament. Each parliament lasts for five years, as does the Presidency. However the President has a two-term limit. The President retains the power to dissolve parliament, whereas the parliament can only remove the President if he/she has been found to be acting unconstitutionally. Laws are passed by a simple majority in parliament, though certain constitutional changes require a 2/3 majority. The President has to assent to any Bill that comes through parliament.