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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Lower middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2021

In October 2021, the Central Bank of Kenya issued this guidance under section 33(4) of the Banking Act, which empowers the Central Bank of Kenya to guide institutions in order to maintain a stable and efficient banking and financial system.The guidance recognises that climate change poses a substantial risk and can pose an opportunity for the financial sector and requires ...

, 2018

Kenya's National Wildlife Strategy 2030 is based on four pillars: Resilient Ecosystems Engagement by all Kenyans Evidence based Decision Making Sustainability and Governance It recognises that climate change places Kenya's wildlife at risk, but also that ecosystem conservation and management can contribute to greater climate resilience by serving as a form of adaptation....

, 2018

This plan aims to strengthen the country's path towards sustainable, climate-resilient development while achieving low carbon climate resilient development. It builds on the previous Action Plan spanning the period 2013-2017. The NCCAP consists in three documents, including an Adaptation Technical Analysis Report (volume II), and a Mitigation Technical Analysis Report ...

, 2017

The broad objective of the Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture Strategy 2017-2026 (KCSAS) is to adapt to climate change, build the resilience of agricultural systems, and minimize emissions for enhanced food and nutritional security and improved livelihoods. The specific objectives of the KCSAS are to (i) enhance the adaptive capacity and resilience of farmers, pastoralists, a...

, 2016

This policy accomplishes several goals. First, it describes the current legal and policy framework for climate financing that is relevant for Kenya, focusing on both domestic and international sources. Second, it outlines the role that climate financing could play in each of Kenya's most important economic sectors (agriculture, forestry, energy, transport, trade, tourism,...

Legislative Process

In 2010 Kenya’s unicameral Parliament was replaced with a bicameral Parliament comprising a National Assembly and a Senate. The National Assembly consists of a Speaker, 290 MPs elected by constituencies, 47 women MPs elected by registered voters from each county and 12 members nominated by political parties according to the proportion of members they have in the National Assembly to represent special interests including youth, persons with disabilities and workers. The Senate consists of 47 members, each elected by the registered voters of each county, 16 women members nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate, two members (a man and a woman), representing young people and two members, (a man and a woman), representing persons with disabilities.

The last general elections were held in 2013 and the next one is due in 2017.

Proposed laws are called bills, and are either Public or Private. Public Bills concern matters of public policy or changing existing legisla­tion. The government initiates them with its executive power while private members of either house can promote a private bill.

The first stage is the drafting of a bill by a ministry, in co-ordination with the Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC) and the Attorney-General’s Chambers (AGC). The first draft is sent to the Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution (CIC), which opens a compulsory consultation process with stakeholders and civil society. Drawing from the various contribu­tions and working with the CIC, the AGC prepares the Bill. The draft Bill is submitted for Cabinet approval and if approved, the Bill is published in the Kenya Gazette and introduced in Parliament.

Parliament scrutinises bills in three readings. The committee in charge of a specific issue/area normally conducts the first reading. Next, the entire Parliament discusses the Bill, before returning the text to the Committee with amendments. The third reading takes place after the Committee has reviewed the draft. Once passed in Parliament, the AG presents the Bill to the Cabinet before it returns to Parliament for a last round of debate. The text approved by Parliament is submitted to the President for assent. If the President signs the bill, it is published and becomes a law. The President can return the bill to the Speaker of the National Assembly to be considered again by Parliament. If Parliament agrees with the President’s proposals or concerns, the bill is accordingly amended and forwarded to the President for assent. If it rejects the President’s amendments to the bill by a two-thirds majority, the bill is returned to him and he is compelled to sign it into law.