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Climate Action Plan

legislation type Executive
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2016
The Climate Action Plan lays down strategies and targets to meet the pledge to reduce GHG emissions intensity by 36% by 2030 (compared to 2005), peak emissions around 2030, and ensure future resilience of Singapore.
The Climate Action Plan consists of two key documents. The first, 'Take Action Today: For A Carbon-efficient Singapore' lays down the key strategies that Singapore will need to take to reduce GHG emissions to fulfil the emissions reduction pledge it made in support of the Paris Agreement. The four strategies include:

  • Improving energy efficiency;

  • Reducing carbon emissions from power stations;

  • Developing and demonstrate cutting-edge low-carbon technologies;

  • Acting through the collective action of government agencies, individuals, businesses, and the community.

The second document, 'A Climate-resilient Singapore: For a Sustainable Future' explains what climate risks Singapore faces and proposes a Whole-of-Government strategy to tackle them, in six key areas:

  • Protecting coasts

  • Managing water, minimising floods

  • Protecting biodiversity and greenery

  • Strengthening resilience in public health and food supply

  • Keeping essential services running

  • Keeping infrastructures safe

Singapore's comprehensive Climate Action Plan covers actions in many key sectors, from increasing industrial energy and carbon efficiency, generating cleaner power and reducing waste, to moving to clean transport, protecting coasts, biodiversity and greenery, managing storm water and building up climate science.
Some of the qualitative targets for climate mitigation are further detailed below (directly adapted from the Plan):

  • Green 80 % of our buildings by 2030.

  • Raise the adoption of solar energy to 350 MWp (peak capacity) by 2020, compared to 60 MWp today.

  • Achieve a national recycling rate of 70 per cent.

  • Achieve 75 per cent public transport use by 2030.

  • Achieve 20% energy savings by 2030 compared to business-as-usual levels

The key adaptation objectives and targets include (directly adapted from the Plan):

  • Safeguard MRT stations, airports, sea ports, power stations, cellular towers and other key infrastructure against floods and/or elevated temperatures.

  • Safeguard against coastal erosion and rising sea levels by building seawalls or using geo-bags along our coastlines.

  • Restore and protect mangroves.

  • Increase connectivity between green areas

  • Advance scientific understanding of climate change and its effects on Singapore.

  • Promote innovative local farming solutions such as indoor farming.


  • 70% public transportation by 2020
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020
  • 80% Singapore buildings at Green Mark standard by 2030
    Buildings | Base year target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2030
  • 36% reduction in emission intensity, peaking in 2030 against a 2005 baseline
    Economy-wide | Intensity target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • 16% cut in emissions by 2020 compared with a business as usual scenario
    Economy-wide | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: Business as usual scenario
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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