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United Arab Emirates

Federative (7 emirates)
Political Groups
G77, The Arab Group
Global Climate Risk Index
World Bank Income Group
High income
Share of Global Emissions


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In 2023, the UAE’s Sustainable Finance Working Group (SFWG) published the Principles for the Effective Management of Climate-related Financial Risk, which sets seven principles that financial regulators in the UAE are expected to abide by to effectively manage climate-related financial risks.  Principle 5 requires financial firms to implement monitoring and reporting ...


Third Update of Second Nationally Determined Contribution for the UAE, Nationally Determined Contribution from United Arab Emirates in 2023

Legislative Process

The United Arab Emirates was established in 1971 as a federation of seven emirates – Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. They are governed by a Federal Constitution, which was made permanent in 1996.

The Federal Government structure comprises five bodies: the Federal Supreme Council, President, Council of Ministers, Federal National Council and Federal Judiciary.

The Federal Supreme Council (FSC), composed of the rulers of the seven emirates, is the highest legislative, executive, and constitutional authority in the land – it elects the President and the Vice-President, approves nomination of the Prime Minister, and ratifies federal laws and decrees. The Federal National Council, with forty members out of which half are elected for four-year term, serves in an advisory capacity. The last election was held in October 2015 and the next is expected for 2019.

The President has a wide range of legislative and executive powers, including signing laws, decrees and decisions approved and sanctioned by the Supreme Council, supervising their implementation through the Council of Ministers, and ratifying treaties and international agreements approved by the Supreme Council and Council of Ministers. The ruler of each emirate also has extensive, near-sovereign regulatory powers within the emirate.