China

National Plan For Tackling Climate Change 2014-2020

Executive
Plan
Passed in 2014
The National Plan For Tackling Climate Change is a comprehensive government strategy that covers mitigation, adaptation, scientific research and public awareness. It includes chapters on 'Status and Prospects', 'Guidelines And Main Objectives', 'Controlling Greenhouse Gas Emissions', 'Adapting To The Impacts of Climate Change', 'Implementation Of Pilot Demonstration Projects', 'Improving The Regional Response To Climate Change', 'Incentives And Restraint Mechanisms', 'Strengthening Scientific And Technological Support', 'Capacity Building', 'Deepening International Exchanges And Cooperation' and 'Performance and Evaluation'.

The plan's targets are: by 2020, to cut carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% from 2005 levels, to increase the percentage of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to 15% and to increase the proportion of forest area and stock volume by 40m ha and 1.3m m3 respectively from a 2005 baseline.

Documents
  • Cut carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45% from 2005 levels by 2020
    Economy-wide | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2005
  • Increase the percentage of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to 15% by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • The proportion of natural gas consumption in primary energy consumption will exceed 10%, and the utilization volume will reach 3.6 trillion cubic meters by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Safe and efficient development of nuclear power. On the basis of ensuring safety, the company will effectively develop nuclear power, upgrade the safety level of nuclear power plants, and steadily advance nuclear power construction. The total installed capacity in 2020 reached 58 million kilowatts. by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • It is hoped that by 2020, the percentage of green buildings in new towns will reach 50% by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Buildings | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • By 2020, the total primary energy consumption will be controlled at around 4.8 billion tons of standard coal.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • The value-added CO2 emissions per unit of industry will fall by about 50% by 2020 against a 2005 baseline
    Industry | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2005
  • By 2015, the level of carbon dioxide emissions from large-scale power generation enterprise groups will be controlled at 650 g/kWh
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2014
  • Low-carbon park pilots: 150 or so low-carbon industrial demonstration parks will be built by 2020
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Increase the proportion of forest area and stock volume by 40 million ha and 1.3 billion m3 respectively from a 2005 baseline by 2020 against a 2005 baseline
    LULUCF | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2005
  • Installed capacity of conventional hydropower will strive to reach 350 million kilowatts, and the annual power generation capacity will be 1.2 trillion kilowatt-hours by 2020
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Vigorously develop wind power. Accelerate the construction of 80 million-kilowatt-class wind power bases in the --Three North Region- and coastal areas, and build inland small and medium-sized wind power and offshore wind power projects in line with local conditions, and strengthen all kinds of grid-connected auxiliary projects. In 2020, the installed capacity of grid-connected wind power will reach 200 million kilowatts
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Promote the diversification of solar energy use. Build a batch of "10,000 kilowatt-class" large-scale photovoltaic power plants. In 2020, the installed capacity of solar power generation will reach 100 million kilowatts, and the installed area of ??solar thermal utilization will reach 800 million square meters
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Develop biomass energy. We will give priority to the construction of biomass polygeneration projects, accelerate the development of biogas power generation, and promote urban waste incineration and landfill gas power generation. To realize the industrialization of biomass forming fuels, accelerate the industrialization of biomass liquid fuels, and actively develop biomass gas supply. In 2020, the installed capacity of biomass power generation in China will reach 30 million kilowatts, the annual biomass consumption of biomass fuel will reach 50 million tons, the annual utilization of biogas will reach 44 billion cubic meters, and the annual utilization of biological liquid fuel will reach 130 billion cubic meters.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • In 2020, the sharing rate of public transportation in large and medium-sized cities will reach 30% by 2020 against a 2014 baseline
    Transportation | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • In 2020, the CO2 emission per unit passenger transport volume will be 5% lower than in 2010, and CO2 emissions per unit freight turnover 13% lower than in 2010.
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • In 2020, the amount of CO2 emission from railway transportation units will be reduced by 15% compared with 2010. Rail transport. We will improve the railway transportation network, accelerate the electrification of railways, increase the proportion of electric locomotives that undertake the passenger and freight transport of railways, increase the capacity of railway transportation, and promote the energy-saving dispatch of railways. We will actively develop containerized sea-rail transport, accelerate the elimination of old locomotives, and develop energy-saving low-carbon locomotives and EMUs. Strengthen the low-carbon transformation and operation management of stations and other facilities.
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • Waterway transportation: In 2020, the CO2 emissions per unit of passenger and freight turnover was 13% by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • 1000 low-carbon commercial pilot by 2020: selected commercial establishments such as representative stores, hotels, restaurants, and tourist attractions to carry out pilot projects, and strengthen the operation and supply chain management through the enhancement of new technologies such as energy-saving and renewable energy, and significantly reduce CO2 emissions from pilot commercial organizations.
    Tourism | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014
  • Air freight: In 2020, CO2 emissions from passenger and freight turnover of civil aviation units were reduced by about 11% by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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