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European Union

Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality (European Climate Law)

legislation type Legislative
Eu Regulation
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2021
This document establishes 1) a comprehensive framework to enable climate change mitigation efforts, including carbon removal, across the Union, and 2) a framework aiming to meet the global adaptation goal set out in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement (art. 5). It further commits the Union to an enhanced target of GHG emissions reduction by 2030 (art. 4) and to climate neutrality by 2050 (art. 2). It amends Regulation (EC) 401/2009 to establish the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change and a number of articles of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999

The document defines the rules to assess Union progress and measures (art. 6) and national measures (art. 7). It charges the Commission to engage with the wider public (art. 9), Member States (art. 11) and to create sectoral roadmaps (art. 10). 


  • at least 55% GHG emissions reductions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • Reduction of GHG emissions of at least 55 % compared to 1990 levels by 2030
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • Net zero -This Regulation sets out a binding objective of climate neutrality in the Union by 2050.
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2020

Related litigation cases

  • Declic et al. v. The Romanian Government

    Opened in 2023 Filing

    On January 31, 2023, the NGO Declic and a number of individuals lodged a case before the Cluj Court of Appeal against the Romanian Government, the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Environment, Water and Forests, seeking that the court order the authorities to take all necessary measures to red...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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