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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2023

This strategy aims at achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 through sectoral policies to enhance energy efficiency, reduction of final energy use and a reinforcement of production from renewable sources.

, 2022

The Energy Code establishes attribution criteria for the subsidy under the Bicycle Bonus Scheme.

, 2022

This document details how the concept of ecological planning, promoted by the government, should 1) enable green objectives to be declined sector by sector and territory by territory, 2) define specific actions, and 3) provide the means to reach the objectives. The five core goals that organise the document are the following:Reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the ef...

, 2022

This plan calls for a mobilisation of everyone to achieve substantial overall energy savings. It caps a range of plans and circulars that originated in early 2022 following the invasion of Ukraine and subsequent constraints on European energy supply. The broader French energy strategy, announced by the President of the Republic in February 2022, is based on four pillars: e...

, 2022

This decree amends the Code of Construction and Housing to introduce the following clauses:" Art. R. 175-7.-I.- The openings of any building, or part of a building, in which market or non-market tertiary activities are carried out, including that belonging to a natural or legal person in the primary or secondary sector, heated or cooled using one or more heating or air con...

Legislative Process

France has a bicameral parliamentary system where legislative power belongs to the National Assembly and the Senate. The last election for the National Assembly was held in 2017, the next is scheduled for 2022. The Senate is elected indirectly by Members of Parliament and local representatives. Statute legislation may be proposed by the Council of Ministers or by Members of Parliament; the majority of bills are currently proposed by the government.
There is a strict separation between laws and regulations. Laws determine general principles and rules in domains explicitly set out in the constitution, such as civil rights, nationality and crime. They must be voted on by the Parliament and can be blocked by the Constitutional Court if it finds that the law goes against the Constitution. In this case, the law must be modified and voted on again, or abandoned. Regulations can establish rules out­side of the law’s domain or specify more precisely how to implement laws. Regulations do not need to be voted on by the Parliament.