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Indonesia's Adaptation communication, Adaptation Communication from Indonesia in 2022


Enhanced NDC Cover Letter, Nationally Determined Contribution from Indonesia in 2022


On September 13, 2022, the President of the Republic of Indonesia issued the Presidential Regulation No. 112 of 2022 concerning the Acceleration of Development of Renewable Energy for Electric Power Supply (PR 112/2022). Key measures include:Mandating the state’s electricity company to prioritise the purchase of electricity from power plants that utilise renewabl...

  • Reduce GHG Emissions by 29% up to 41% by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario in the amount of 2,869 million tonnes of CO2GHG Emissions Reduction by 29% is GHG Emissions reduction target unconditionally in the amount of 834 million tonnes of CO2e.GHG Emissions Reduction by 41% is GHG Emissions reduction target up to 1,185 million tonnes of CO2e, subject to the availability of international cooperation. Economy-wide · Target year: 2030Source: Presidential Regulation No. 98 of 2021 on the Implementation of Carbon Pricing to Achieve the Nationally Determined Contribution Target and Control over Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the National Development
  • 26% cut in GHG emissions, 41% cut in GHG emissions with international assistance by 2020Economy-wide: Economy Wide · Target year: 2020Source: Decree 62/2013 Regarding a Managing Agency for the Reduction of Emission (sic) from Deforestation and Degradation of Forest and Peat lands
  • 26% cut in GHG emissions by 2019 compared with a 2015 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide · Target year: 2019Source: National Medium Term Development Plan 2020-2024 (RPJMN 2020-2024)
  • Reduce emissions by 26% by 2020 compared to BAU (unconditionally), or by 41% (conditionally)Economy-wide · Target year: 2020Source: Indonesia's REDD+ National Strategy
  • Unconditional reduction target of 29% and conditional reduction target up to 41% of the business as usual scenario by 2030. Indonesia has committed to reduce unconditionally 29% of its greenhouse gasses emissions against the business as usual scenario by the year of 2030. The BAU scenario was projected approximately 2.87 GtCO2e in 2030 which is updated from the BAU scenario on the INDC due to existing condition on energy policy development in particular in coal fired power plant. Indonesia could increase its contribution up to 41% reduction of emissions by 2030, subject to availability of international support for finance, technology transfer and development and capacity building. From 2016 iNDC: 29% (unconditional) and up to 41% (conditional) by 2030 compared to the business as usual scenario; 26% (unconditional) reduction in GHG emissions by 2020 compared to business as usual scenario. These targets have been raised to 31.89% unconditionally and 43.20% conditionally in the ENDC. Economy-wide · Target year: 2030

Legislative Process

The Indonesian legal system is based on Roman-Dutch law, custom and Islamic law. The legislature is bicameral and comprises the 560 member House of People’s Representatives (DPR) and the 136 member House of Regional Representatives (DPD). The ensemble of DPR and DPD members forms a third representative body known as the People’s Con­sultative Assembly (MPR). The DPR and the President jointly discuss and approve every Bill. Bills may come from the DPR, the President or the DPD. A wide range of legislation is produced from different sources and with different levels of authority, so there is a hierarchy of legislation, as follows: the 1945 Constitution; MPR Resolution; Law; Government Regulation Substituting a Law; Government Regulation; Presidential Decree; Regional Regulation. Also binding are Presidential Instructions, Ministerial Decrees and Circular Letters.

The most recent elections for the DPR and DPD were held in April 2014, with the next expected in 2019. The current President was elected in October 2014 and serves a five-year term.