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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

Decree-law 1 March 2022, no 17, passed following the energy shock related to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, sets urgent measures to contain the costs of electricity and natural gas, for the development of renewable energies and for the relaunch of industrial policies. 

, 2021

To benefit from the support of the Recovery and Resilience Facility set up by the EU in the aftermath of the COVID-19-induced economic crisis, Member States submit their recovery and resilience plans to the European Commission. Each plan sets out the reforms and investments to be implemented by end-2026 and Member States can receive financing up to a previously agreed allo...

, 2020

This document, named the "relaunched decree" by the government, was released through the Council of Ministers press release no. 45 on the 14th of May 2020 and entered into force on the 19th of May 2020. It aims at enabling Italy to cope with the Covid-19-induced crisis and allow economic recovery. The decree-law notably modifies fiscal rules to incentivise energy effi...

, 2019

The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets.  The Energy and Climate Plan addresses all five dimensions of the EU Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy mark...

, 2019

This Decree-Law establishes urgent measures for the definition of national strategic policy to combat climate change and improve air quality, in order to comply with directive 2008/50 / EC obligations. It also sets measures to encourage sustainable mobility in metropolitan areas, reforestation measures, and the gathering and publication of environmental data.

Legislative Process

Italy has a bicameral parliamentary system. The Lower House is the Chamber of Deputies and the Upper House is the Senate. The last parliamentary election was held in February 2013; the next is scheduled for 2018.

For a text to become law, it must receive the vote of both Houses independently. A bill is discussed in one of the Houses, amended, and approved or rejected. If approved, it is passed to the other House, which can amend it and approve or reject it. A law currently under scrutiny by the Parliament could differentiate the roles of the two Houses in the future.

Laws may be applied directly, or require the government to issue a regulation to indicate how they should be enforced, or how citizens should ask for what they are entitled to. Regulations can be updated more quickly than laws, which have to go through Parliament, but they cannot always be used. Some legal matters are reserved to laws, and most regulations have to be authorised by a specific law. A regulation may be: a Presidential Decree, a Decree from the President of the Council of Ministers, or a Ministerial Decree. The Presidential Decree is the most common and does not usually require prior authorisation by a law.

The Constitution reserves some matters to the regions and the laws of the Republic may delegate power to the regions to issue norms for enforcement.