Vietnam

Overview and context

Laws
4
Policies
29
Litigation cases
0
Climate targets
41

Region
East Asia & Pacific
% Global Emissions
0.66 %
Global Climate Risk Index
29.83
Income group (World Bank)
Lower middle income
Main political groups
G77
Federative/Unitary
Unitary
Region
East Asia & Pacific
Income group (World Bank)
Lower middle income
% Global Emissions
0.66 %
Main political groups
G77
Global Climate Risk Index
29.83
Federative/Unitary
Unitary

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The Climate Change Laws of the World map helps understand our database information in context by showing climate laws, policies, and litigation cases in relation to key climate-related indicators.
Nationally Determined Contribution (UNFCCC website)
Legislative process
Vietnam is a highly centralised state, whose constitution provides the fundamental and highest law. The majority of power resides at this central level with all laws and policies issued by the National Assembly and the government. The former produces framework legislation, while the latter provides guidance on the implementation of legislation.The National Assembly is a unicameral body elected for a five-year
Vietnam is a highly centralised state, whose constitution provides the fundamental and highest law. The majority of power resides at this central level with all laws and policies issued by the National Assembly and the government. The former produces framework legislation, while the latter provides guidance on the implementation of legislation.

The National Assembly is a unicameral body elected for a five-year term, which elects a president as head of state, and a prime minister as head of government. The assembly is Vietnam’s legislative body, and the highest level representa­tive body. It is responsible for approving and supervising the implementation of state plans. The Communist Party has decisive influence over the executive and exercises control through the Central Committee. Members of the party hold all senior government positions. Legislative elections were held in 2021.

The current Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was passed in 1992; it has since had two amends in 2001 and 2013. Vietnam is a socialist republic with the Vietnamese Communist Party as the sole source of leadership for the State and society. The legislative branch is exercised by the National Assembly, a 498-member unicameral body elected to a five-year term and is recognized as “the highest organ of state power”. The National Assembly further decides significant national affairs and has control over all activities of the State (article 69), including making and amending the Constitution (article 70), and naming the President and cabinet, the Prime Minister and the President of the Supreme People’s Court. Furthermore, the National Assembly holds the power of control of conformity over the Constitution and abrogating decisions from the Supreme People’s Court — the highest court for appeal and review (article 104) —. 
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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